SAT I Test Tips and Techniques

Test Tactics and Sectional Strategies for the SAT* I
A Study Guide for College Bound Students

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All of these study decks of Flash Cards have been written by licensed high school teachers who hold M.A. and M.S. degrees. Their combined skills as published authors (over 80 textbooks, videos, correspondence courses, seminars, and training CD ROMs) have been put to use here to bring you this unique product.


The information offered in this Tactics and Strategies Report is intended for general educational purposes only. No warranty is either expressed or implied about the benefits to be obtained from using this information as a study aid for the SAT.
These tips should only be used as an adjunct mechanism for preparing to take the SAT and obtain the best possible score. Students should also study vocabulary words, as well as the fundamentals of arithmetic, algebra and geometry.

OVERALL TEST TACTICS:

  1. Learn the section directions now. Use the time saved during the test to work on questions.
  2. Answer easy questions first. Mark skipped questions in your exam book so you can quickly return to them later.
  3. Guess...if you can eliminate at least one choice.
  4. You can write in the test book: cross out wrong answers; do scratch work.
  5. Take care when filling in the answer grid for the student-produced response questions.
  6. Avoid stray marks on the answer sheet. A machine scores your test and can't distinguish between a correct answer and a careless doodle.
  7. Easy questions usually precede hard ones.
  8. Mark only one answer per question.
  9. Skip any question if you haven't the faintest idea about the answer. You don't lose points.
  10. Understand the scoring! You get a point for a right answer. You lose a fractional point for a wrong answer. There is no deduction for omitted answers, or for wrong answers in the math section's student-produced response questions.
  11. Keep checking that you are placing your answer in the correct section and number on the answer sheet.
  12. Don't spend too much time on any one question. You should spend only seconds on the easiest questions, and hesitate to spend more than 1-2 minutes on even the hardest ones.
  13. Practice, practice, practice!
  14. Remember that the SAT consists of a series of small, timed, mini-tests. Keep track of the time you're allotted for each one and how much time remains.
  15. Bring a watch to the test center. You can't be guaranteed that there'll be a working clock there.
  16. Don't change an answer unless you're sure you made an error.
  17. Read the words in the question carefully. Be sure to answer the question asked and not the question you recall from a practice test.
  18. Know the Question Types to Expect on the SAT I: * 19 sentence completion * 40 reading comprehension * 35 math multiple-choices * 10 student-produced responses
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SPECIFIC SECTIONAL STRATEGIES

CRITICAL READING Section --- SENTENCE COMPLETION:

  1. Before looking at the answers, try to complete the sentence with words that make sense to you.
  2. Don't rush your selection. Consider all the answers to make the best choice.
  3. Use the context of nearby words to figure out unknown words.
  4. Don't overlook the reversing effect of negative words (like not) or prefixes (like un-).
  5. If you're really stuck for the meaning of a word, try to think of other words that have similar prefixes, roots, or suffixes.
  6. Eliminate choices in double-blank questions if the first word alone doesn't make sense in the sentence.
  7. Let transition words (like although and likewise) help suggest the best answer.

CRITICAL READING Section --- READING COMPREHENSION (Short and Long):

  1. You should base your answers to the questions solely on what is stated or implied in the passages.
  2. Read the italicized introductory text.
  3. Skip questions you don't know. Return to them after answering other easier questions.
  4. First and last sentences of each paragraph are critical.
  5. Find the right spot in a passage by using any line reference numbers that appear in the questions.
  6. Answer questions on familiar topics before unfamiliar topics.
  7. Read the passages before reading the questions.
  8. Don't waste time memorizing details.
  9. Passage content comes from the Humanities, Social Science, Science, and Literal Fiction.
  10. Some passages are presented in pairs. Read the brief introduction first to see how they relate.
  11. Spend more time on answering the questions than on reading the text.

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WRITING Section --- WRITTEN ESSAY:

  1. Write a short (about 250-300 words), persuasive essay on an assigned topic.
  2. Keep in mind the structure of an essay - 5 paragraphs consisting of an: Introduction, Body (about 3 paragraphs), Conclusion
  3. The alloted time frame is 25 minutes. Read the essay question quickly and think about the topic (about 5 minutes). Allow most of your time (about 15 minutes) to write the essay. Spend the remaining 5 minutes reviewing and editing your work.
  4. Introductory Paragraph should state the position that is being taken. It should also state about 3 points that support this position.
  5. The Body Paragraphs should expand the points that you present with specific detail and examples.
  6. The Concluding Paragraph should summarize your point of view by restating the thesis statement in a revised format.
  7. Keep your writting simple.
  8. Avoid wordiness.
  9. Avoid slang.

WRITING SECTION -- MULTIPLE CHOICE: Usage, Sentence Correction, and Paragraph Correction

  1. Think about the question before you answer it.
  2. Move around within a Section.
  3. Usage & Sentence Correction questions are based on individual sentences. They test basic grammar, sentence structure, and word choice.
  4. Paragraph Correction questions are based on 2 brief passages, with several questions per passage.
  5. Read the questions carefully.

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MATH Section --- STUDENT PRODUCED RESPONSE (GRID):

  1. Guess if you can't figure it out. There is no penalty for wrong answers in this section.
  2. Negative numbers are not possible as answers in this section. If your answer comes up negative, do it again.
  3. You may begin to enter a short answer in any column. For instance, .6 can be entered in columns 1-2, or 2-3, or 3-4.
  4. If an answer is a repeating decimal (like .33333333), just enter as many decimals as will fit in the grid (.333).
  5. You may enter an equivalent decimal for a fraction as your answer, but why waste the time evaluating the fraction?
  6. Do not try to enter mixed numbers. For example, if your answer is 3 1/2, enter it as 3.5 or 7/2.

MATH Section - STANDARD MULTIPLE CHOICE:

  1. Read the question well. Be sure to select the best answer for the variable, value, or expression that is requested!
  2. Learn in advance all of the critical definitions, formulas, and concepts that appear in common questions.
  3. Remember to use the test booklet for scratch work, as well as for marking up any diagrams/graphs.
  4. Early questions in this section are easier. Spend less time on them.
  5. Don't get carried away with detailed calculations. Look for a trick or a shortcut if the question seems time consuming.
  6. When a question contains a weird symbol, just substitute the accompanying definition when figuring out the best answer choice.

 


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